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SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND BYSTANDERS

  • SH is defined by physical and nonphysical, verbal, and cyber unwanted sexual attention, including a wide range of behaviors that victimize women and girls. The FRA survey (2014) shows, through an report,  that the overall prevalence of SH in the EU is 55%, specifically 68% in UK, 50% in MT, 44% in SI and 32% in PT. The report also presents data for SH experienced by women in 2014: 25% in UK, 20% in MT, 11% in SI and 15% in PT. These results show that SH is a common experience for women from an early age. Boys and young men may also be victims of SH, especially when they do not meet the standards of the hegemonic masculinity socialization.
  • Perpetrators of SH can be people known to the victim, such as friends, partners, colleagues and others, as well as people unknown.
  • Also, it's important to consider how SH is experienced by people who may not be directly involved in it – bystanders - and their role in the situation.
  • Due this importance, it is emerging a new promising practice in prevention, since it approaches everyone in the same way – as those who witness/are aware of abuse rather than as potential victims or perpetrators.  As such it offers interesting opportunities for creating alliances between young women and men and staff in schools.

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